By Ulrich Beck
Faith posits one attribute as an absolute: religion. in comparison to religion, all different social differences and resources of clash are insignificant. the recent testomony says: ‘We are all equivalent within the sight of God'. to make sure, this equality applies merely to those that recognize God's lifestyles. What this implies is that along the abolition of sophistication and kingdom in the group of believers, faith introduces a brand new basic contrast into the realm the excellence among the proper of believers and the inaccurate variety. therefore openly or tacitly, faith brings with it the demonization of believers in different faiths.
The valuable query that may make a decision the ongoing lifestyles of humanity is that this: How will we conceive of a kind of inter-religious tolerance within which loving one's neighbor doesn't suggest battle to the dying, one of those tolerance whose target isn't fact yet peace?
Is what we're experiencing at this time a regression of monotheistic faith to a polytheism of the non secular spirit lower than the heading of ‘a God of one's own'? In Western societies, the place the autonomy of the person has been internalized, person people are inclined to suppose more and more at liberty to inform themselves little religion tales that healthy their very own lives to nominate ‘Gods in their own'. in spite of the fact that, this God of
their personal is not any longer the single and simply God who presides over salvation through seizing keep watch over of historical past and empowering his fans to be illiberal and use bare force.
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Extra info for A God of One's Own: Religion's Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence
1 The Enlightenment liberated humanity from God and enabled it to achieve autonomy in every sphere of activity. Religious belief is atavistic, a product of bad conscience. Europeans look down with contempt on all those who are still religious or have become religious once again. It is an essential part of the image of modern, enlightened Europeans that they have overcome pre-modern superstition. Europe is the key to secularization. The further and faster the modernization process has advanced, the more obvious the disempowerment of the gods has become – in other words, what we have witnessed with growing clarity is the victory of scientific and technical rationality and the demolition of the structures underpinning the plausibility of religious belief.
The new Muslim self-image, which is expressed, for example, by young women wearing headscarves, and likewise the religious fundamentalism among Muslims in the West do not result from importing features of the original territorially based Muslim culture into the West. Rather, European Islam presupposes a ‘deculturation of Islam’ (Roy 2006: 129). Second and third generations tend to prefer the language of the guest country over that of their parents’ home country, and they tend to speak better French than Arabic (when they speak Arabic at all), .
They have moved away from the organizations, institutions, and causes that used to anchor identity and shape behavior. . The principal authority for contemporary American Jews . . has become the sovereign self. Each person now performs the labor of fashioning his or her own self, pulling together elements from the various Jewish or non-Jewish repertoires, rather than stepping into an ‘inescapable framework’ of identity. . American Jews speak of their lives, and of their Jewish beliefs and commitments, as a journey of ongoing questioning and development.
A God of One's Own: Religion's Capacity for Peace and Potential for Violence by Ulrich Beck