A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy by Harvey C. Mansfield PDF

By Harvey C. Mansfield

ISBN-10: 1497645107

ISBN-13: 9781497645103

Behind the day-by-day headlines on presidential races and native elections is the speculation of the polity—or what the top of our politics can be. Harvard's Harvey C. Mansfield, one among America's top political theorists, explains why our quest for the great lifestyles needs to tackle the kind of govt we search to uphold. He directs our gaze to the thinkers and philosophies and vintage works that experience proved so much influential during the ages.

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In the end, we are fundamentally decent and generous about choice. This book will explore what most of us seem to understand intuitively, namely that choices are constrained, manipulated, and forced upon us. I will flesh out our intuitions and discuss the effects of biology, economics, power, and culture on people ’s choices. We will also discover areas where our intuition points us in the wrong direction. Obesity is one example, the Mount Hood climbers another. This book will also look into why, if choice is so malleable and indistinct, we hear so much about it and its cousin personal responsibility.

In the law of sex, the question of consent is inescapable. The crime of rape is defined by reference to consent. The entire determination of whether rape has occurred turns on whether both parties agreed, explicitly or implicitly, to have intercourse. Traditionally, the rule was that it was impossible for a husband to rape his wife, since marriage constituted consent to sexual intercourse for all time. Also, rape victims were traditionally required to prove lack of consent by showing evidence that the 42 The Centrality of Choice assailant had used physical force and that they had fought back.

The court required the jury to be instructed that if Fain was not aware of what he was doing, then he could not be responsible for it. This is still a fundamental doctrine in criminal law. 13 (By the way, sleepwalking is a problem outside criminal law as well. In 2004 a husband in Australia discovered that his wife had for months been sleepwalking at night and unconsciously having sex with strangers. ) Sometimes the law will excuse you from a crime even when you did make the choice, for example if you were under duress or faced such a In Love with Choice 37 horrible situation that you can claim what the law calls a necessity defense.

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A Student's Guide to Political Philosophy by Harvey C. Mansfield

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