By Terry McMorris
An in depth replace of a winning textbook on ability acquisition for recreation scholars. Praised for its readability of writing variety and presentation the recent version could be a necessary purchase for these wanting a realistic, sport-focused creation to the idea and alertness of human motor talents.
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Additional resources for Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills (Wiley SportText)
Skills may be deﬁned as being simple (containing little in the way of perception and decision making) or complex (drawing heavily on perception and decision making). 22 • SKILL, ABILITY AND PERFORMANCE Skills may be classiﬁed along a continuum from open (taking place in an ever-changing environment) to closed (taking place in an environment that rarely changes). Ability • Abilities are innate. • Abilities can be improved by practice but only to a limited extent. • The main theories of ability are: s s s s general motor ability (determines the individual’s prowess at all sports), Henry’s speciﬁcity hypothesis (abilities are unique and bear no relationship to one another), Fleishman’s factor analysis hypothesis (abilities can be grouped into clusters, which have low to moderate correlations with one another), superability (a weak general motor ability underpinning the individual’s prowess at sport, but this is also affected by speciﬁc abilities).
The Information Processing theorists claim that, once we have learned a movement, we store what they call a motor program (the efferent organization for the movement) and this motor program can trigger movement with a minimum of effort and organization. Critics counteract this claim by stating that, even if motor programs require little in the nature of attention and are automatic, we are able to carry out so many skills that we would still need a massive brain to store all the motor programs. As a result of this criticism, the Information Processing theorists modiﬁed their theory to claim that we do not store each separate motor program but that we store a generalized motor program and are able to modify each general program for each speciﬁc situation.
If a person has sub-normal hearing their ability to perceive changes will be affected. However, if a person is within the normal range, the key factor becomes experience rather than ability. In other words, having above normal auditory ability does not a mean that your perception of what you hear will be better than a person with normal hearing. One of the interesting phenomena, with regard to individual differences in perceptual performance that has been examined by cognitive psychologists, is the notion of perceptual styles.
Acquisition and Performance of Sports Skills (Wiley SportText) by Terry McMorris