By Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein
This first quantity of a thrilling annual sequence provides vital new advancements within the psychology at the back of matters within the legislation and its purposes. mental idea is used to discover why many present felony guidelines and strategies may be useless or counterproductive, with specific emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects could be inspired, occasionally resulting in injustice. professional students make innovations for advancements, suggesting either destiny instructions for learn inquiries on themes and wanted coverage alterations. issues integrated during this preliminary supplying have hardly ever been thought of in such an in-depth model or are wanting severe re-thinking:
- Interrogation of minority suspects: pathways to actual and fake confessions.
- A finished evaluate of showups.
- The weapon concentration influence for individual identifications and descriptions.
- The psychology of felony jury directions.
- Structured danger evaluation and felony determination making.
- Children’s participation in criminal court cases: rigidity, coping, and consequences.
- Sex criminal coverage and prevention.
- The psychology of tort law.
Demonstrating the scope and rigor that would symbolize the sequence, quantity 1 of Advances in Psychology and legislation will curiosity psychology and criminal specialists in addition to working towards psychologists, and may encourage clean considering because the fields proceed to interact.
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This publication presents a complete, up to date dialogue of latest debates on the interface among psychology and felony legislation. the themes surveyed comprise opinions of eyewitness testimony; the jury; sentencing as a human strategy; the psychologist as specialist witness; persuasion within the court; detecting deception; and psychology and the police.
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This primary quantity of a thrilling annual sequence provides very important new advancements within the psychology in the back of concerns within the legislations and its functions. mental idea is used to discover why many present felony regulations and strategies may be useless or counterproductive, with designated emphasis on new findings on how witnesses, jurors, and suspects might be encouraged, occasionally resulting in injustice.
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Additional resources for Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1
Indeed, fears of enhancing police suspicion have been offered as reasons not to invoke one’s Miranda rights. Furthermore, many believe that continuing to talk to police might prove beneficial in convincing the police of one’s innocence (Davis, Leo, & Follette, 2010). , Leo 1996a, 1996b). , 2010 for review). , only at the beginning versus at any time during questioning; only the right not to initiate the conversation versus the right not to respond to questions), and others. Among the most important of such misunderstandings are those of the full implications of waiver: what one will be subjected to during interrogation, the risks of self-incrimination imposed by the powerful forces of interrogation, and the consequences of self-incrimination.
There is reason to expect minorities to be more vulnerable to each. The first is intended to convince the suspect that the evidence firmly implicates him as the perpetrator, and to instill the perception that he will not be able to prove or to convince anyone (neither interrogator, prosecutor, judge, nor jurors) of his innocence. The interrogator will confront the suspect, with absolute confidence that the suspect is guilty, using real, implied, or false claims of the evidence to support this claim.
Such strategies place suspects who are unaware of their rights at serious disadvantage, in that they may believe they cannot refuse to go voluntarily to the police station or to talk to police in the first place or that they can stop the interrogation once it has begun. As the foregoing discussion implies, submission to interrogation can begin, not with formal waiver of Miranda rights, but rather with compliance with requests to come to the station and “help” with the investigation. This raises the questions of what beliefs are held by citizens generally or by legal and illegal minority residents or immigrants regarding their right to refuse these (or indeed any) requests by police, what consequences they expect to follow from refusal, and, in practice, the extent to which they do refuse.
Advances in Psychology and Law: Volume 1 by Monica K. Miller, Brian H. Bornstein