By Julian E. Andrews, Peter Brimblecombe, Tim D. Jickells, Peter S. Liss, Brian Reid
This introductory textual content explains the basics of the chemistry of the usual surroundings and the results of mankind's actions at the earth's chemical platforms. keeps an emphasis on describing how typical geochemical techniques function over numerous scales in time and area, and the way the consequences of human perturbation will be measured. issues variety from accepted international concerns corresponding to atmospheric pollutants and its impact on worldwide warming and ozone destruction, to microbiological tactics that reason pollutants of ingesting water deltas. comprises sections and data packing containers that designate the elemental chemistry underpinning the topic lined. every one bankruptcy includes a record of additional interpreting at the topic region. up-to-date case reviews. No previous chemistry wisdom required. appropriate for introductory point classes.
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3, p. 1, p. 2, p. 5, p. 1, p. 4, p. 3, pp. 1, p. 8, p. 3, p. 4, p. 4, p. 12, p. 107 Fig. 5 Diagram to show location of more chemical ‘tools’ in this book. 10 Further reading Atkins, P. (1995) The Periodic Kingdom. A Journey into the Land of the Chemical Elements. Phoenix, London. A. (1995) The Elements on Earth; Inorganic Chemistry in the Environment. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Gill, R. (1996) Chemical Fundamentals of Geology, 2nd edn. Chapman & Hall, London. 1 Introduction The atmosphere is in the news!
14), increasing its aqueous solubility. 5). Some molecules contain more than one functional group, for example the amino acids contain both –COOH and –NH2: H H amino group N H C H OH C O carboxyl group Amino acids also behave as weak acids due to the –COOH group, so they can release H+ ions by dissociation, for example in the simple amino acid glycine: NH2CH 2COOH Æ H + + NH2CH2COO glycine eqn. : H+ + NH2CH 2COO- Æ + NH3CH 2COO - eqn. 11 The amino acids thus have the unusual ability to form dipolar ions, denoted by the + sign on the amino group and the — sign on the COO.
5 maps out the position of some of the key boxes. We have ordered these under three main headings: (i) system acidity and oxidation; (ii) water; and (iii) physical chemistry. 3, p. 1, p. 2, p. 5, p. 1, p. 4, p. 3, pp. 1, p. 8, p. 3, p. 4, p. 4, p. 12, p. 107 Fig. 5 Diagram to show location of more chemical ‘tools’ in this book. 10 Further reading Atkins, P. (1995) The Periodic Kingdom. A Journey into the Land of the Chemical Elements. Phoenix, London. A. (1995) The Elements on Earth; Inorganic Chemistry in the Environment.
An Introduction to Environmental Chemistry by Julian E. Andrews, Peter Brimblecombe, Tim D. Jickells, Peter S. Liss, Brian Reid